03. A Carbon Capture and Storage Network and Thermal Generation

A Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Network and Thermal Generation is required to maintain the 2.5 GW of thermal generation we require, whilst also reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the energy sector.  This national development reflects the opportunity to provide this at existing sites, specifically Longannet and Cockenzie.  In addition, a new coal-fired power station with CCS at Grangemouth and extension to the existing pipeline to St. Fergus are expected to come forward within the lifetime of NPF3.  This national development aims to establish Scotland as a centre of expertise in CCS technology, maintain energy security and diversify the overall energy mix.

Implementation Lead(s): Summit Power Group; Scottish Power; Scottish Government

Locations: Carbon capture and storage network infrastructure throughout Scotland. Thermal generation at Longannet, Grangemouth, and Cockenzie.

Further reading:
Carbon Capture and Storage Association
Electricity Generation Policy Statement

Environmental Mitigation: Make best use of existing infrastructure where feasible. Risk assessment of CO2 transportation and storage will be required. Project level Environmental Impact Assessment will be required. Project level Habitats Regulation Appraisal may be required and the mitigation included in the Habitats Regulations Appraisal Record should be used to inform planning processes and be applied as appropriate.

Ongoing Activity and Milestones:
Planning authorities to reflect the potential provision of a Carbon Capture and Storage network within development plans

2014/15 – Front-End Engineering and design phase at Peterhead

2014/15 – Submission of planning and other consent applications for Peterhead

March 2015 – Announcement that Scottish and UK Governments will provide £4.2 Million for industrial research and feasibility work for a proposed full-chain 570MW Carbon Capture Storage (CCS) coal-gasification power station located in Grangemouth. A detailed programme of research and development work will be undertaken over an 18 month period to advance the engineering design of the project

March 26, 2015 – Application submitted to Aberdeenshire Council for the Construction and Operation of a Carbon Capture, Compression and Conditioning Plant including associated infrastructure (Application number APP/2015/0903)

June 18, 2015 – Application approved by Aberdeenshire Council for the Construction and Operation of a Carbon Capture, Compression and Conditioning Plant, including associated infrastructure, at Peterhead Power Station  (Application number APP/2015/0903)

September 2015  – Commence early stage development process for Caledonia Clean Energy Project (CCEP) at Grangemouth, including Section 36 consenting, site acquisition, and grid connection

November 25, 2015 – Shell announce that they will not be proceeding with the Peterhead CCS Project, following an announcement by the UK Government that the remaining CCS Commercialisation Competition funding is being withdrawn.’

2016 – Complete early stage development of CCEP. Secure CfD and thereafter commence front-end engineering and design (FEED) study for CCEP

2018 – Final investment decisions on CCEP anticipated (subject to necessary approvals and CfD)

2020 – Commercial scale carbon capture and storage demonstration in Scotland

2025/30 – Full retrofit of carbon capture and storage technology across conventional power stations

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